Hello and Happy New Year.
On Saturday 13th February, 2021 I will be presenting an introduction to my H818 project, “Humour in eLearning: Making Sure Everyone Is In On The Joke’
The conference abstract and multimedia poster is below and I would warmly welcome any feedback. Further updates will be being made in the coming weeks, including a soft pilot launch of the H818 project, so please do pop by again or feel free to reach out to me on social media.
Humour in eLearning: Making Sure Everyone is on the Joke.
Beyond the basic drive for wide-ranging dissemination of content, the philosophy of Open Educational Resources pushes for inclusivity, to be demonstrated by the widest possible representation of both creators and users in terms of participation and collaboration. Inclusivity requires all to have a voice in the formation, direction, development, and delivery of Open Education.
Whilst increased inclusivity can be seen to aid the dismantling of many hierarchical educational systems and decentralise the production of content which are often Western centred ideas and tools it must not be presumed a passive benefit of producing open access content otherwise exclusions may be maintained or reinforced (Castaño Muñoz et al, 2013).
The H818 project is focused on one specific pedagogical tool that has been well researched in its use in in-person learning settings, but less so in its use in eLearning, the use of humour in learning. The project offers practitioners the opportunity to reflect on their use of humour as a tool, and its role in fostering inclusivity whilst acknowledging used incorrectly, humour may be perceived as confusing, offensive, counter-productive, or divisive (Trivantis, 2013; Hardy, 2016).
The benefits to learners of humour incorporated into their learning can benefit them in several areas including social, cognitive psychological, and emotional (McCartney, 2020)
The use of humour can increase a student’s attention, support divergent thinking, develop a more supportive learning environment and sense of community (James, 2004), these latter points a desirable attribute when the aim is to increase inclusion.
However, as previously noted, the antithesis to inclusion, exclusion, may be inadvertently maintained or reinforced if this pedagogical tool is not challenged and considered in the context of a wider and diverse audience.
The H818 project, available on the rebeccahobbs.com website as an OER, curates a collection of references and resources for content creators on the pedagogical use of humour with several reflective activities for creators to consider their own stance on using humour as a pedagogical tool, their use and approach to humour in learning, and to critically think of the implications of that use in the context of open and diverse settings.
The H818 presentation will focus briefly on the background that inspired this project and a high-level overview of the subject of humour in eLearning. The decision to create an open, online resource which centres around reflective activities for content creators will be discussed, and the conference attendees challenged to consider their own position on the topic.
Initial feedback from content creators who have taken part in a pilot version will be shared and how this is forming future possibilities for the direction of resource.
The presentation will be of interest to all those working in online and eLearning content creation at many levels both in educational and corporate settings, especially those working with diverse audiences.
Castaño Muñoz, J., Redecker, C., Vuorikari, R. and Punie, Y., 2013. Open Education 2030: planning the future of adult learning in Europe. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, [online] 28(3), pp.171-186. Available at: <https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02680513.2013.871199> [Accessed 17 November 2020].
Hardy, L., 2016. How To Teach Online Using Humor: 10 Dos And Don’ts – Elearning Industry. [online] eLearning Industry. Available at: <https://elearningindustry.com/teach-online-using-humor-10-dos-donts> [Accessed 18 November 2020].
James, D., 2004. A Need for Humor in Online Courses. College Teaching, 52(3).
McCartney, M., 2020. Playful Pedagogy: Using Humor to Increase Social Interaction Online. In: A. Thornburg, D. Abernathy and R. Ceglie, ed., Handbook of Research on Developing Engaging Online Courses, 1st ed. [online] IGI Global, pp.224-244. Available at: <http://10.4018/978-1-7998-2132-8> [Accessed 28 December 2020].
OER Commons. 2021. OER Commons. [online] Available at: <https://www.oercommons.org/about> [Accessed 9 January 2021].
Trivantis, 2013. The Dos And Dont’s Of Using Humor In Elearning. [online] ELearning Brothers. Available at: <https://www.trivantis.com/uncategorized/the-dos-and-donts-of-using-humor-in-elearning> [Accessed 18 November 2020].
Conference Presentation Poster
Conference Poster Transcript in Accessible Text Format:
One aspect of using humour and light-heartedness in eLearning, especially in a global setting, is humour may not translate. Humour founded in idioms or cultural knowledge may fall flat on its face. Indeed, even within a culture or group, humour is very subjective. And let’s not even get into the matter of defining humour and its many forms.
For today’s blog lets just settle on a very broad definition of humour being something that amuse people, perhaps makes them laugh and/or relax.
I have one example of when humour worked for me when facilitating some live webinars way back in the day.
I was guiding candidates applying to work on web search relevance judging project. What’s that? Well that’s one thing I wanted to ensure they understood too as well as try and enthuse them to take part and feel engaged and relaxed. The cohort was international from many diverse, backgrounds.
The project, to explain it very simply, involved seeing real life search terms made in search engines and viewing pages that may be returned for that search. The project judges would label how satisfying the result was for the search. So you imagine it takes a lot of different skills to understand the user’s intent and what is a satisfying result. It can also be a tedious type of project but has the upside of seeing all human life. What people search for on the internet…well it knows no bounds.
What I wanted to do with the candidates was make them feel at ease with me, with the project, consider how you think about searches and putting yourself in someone else’s (search) shoes. In fact this last point is vital to such work. But I didn’t want to bore them to tears about how to imagine users form the offset or frighten them with the repetitive nature of the project. I decided to use a funny and real life example I had encountered years before on the project.
And here is the real world example I shared with them and asked to consider what the person was looking for.
The search was for ‘how to untangle armpit hair‘.
Through tens of webinars that was the example that always broke the ice (a major reason people cite for using humour in a learning environment). With candidates from all across the world, diverse groups of genders, ages and nationalities, that example always raised a smile and giggles, relaxed the mood but more importantly made them think about users, about the huge scope of the project (you never know what you’d see) and hopefully, as an aside, made them think it was an interesting project to do.
My chosen topic to investigate, and produce a project around, is the use of humour in eLearning. I’ll talk more about my project ideas in future posts but you may be wondering why this topic has jumped out at me.
I am a desperate people pleaser. I am the person who wants to be liked by everyone. And from a young age I realised making people laugh and smile was a great way to do that AND made me feel great too. I appreciate this can also make me a tiresome pain!
I have even done some stints of comedy writing in the past and had my jokes and sketches performed on BBC Radio. I like humour. Who doesn’t? Well actually a few people but that’s another story…
I remember from my schooldays I relished lessons with a human touch, and that was more often than not in the form of humour or light heartedness. In further education, in my first Masters (Sociology), I still remember the lectures and writers that tickled my funny bones or at the least, included the foibles of the human condition with humour or warmth.
Fast forward and as a grown up with a proper job I find myself falling into the world of instructional design and online learning. Still I cling to the idea that to reach people, I will do better if, in the correct circumstances, I can do so with that trait we call humour.
And if you read and listen to guides and tips on creating eLearning there it is, the sentence that backs me up ‘make your eLearning fun by including some humour’. Like a personal add leading is ‘GSOH‘, it’s a given, a universal constant.
Except it isn’t. Rarely does anyone explain what humour is. There is no grand repository of failsafe content. Because humour is fallible, subjective, tricky. A wrong foot can take you to offensive to dangerous – which is fun to juggle with if you are Ricky Gervais but not so great if you are creating the new company eLearning on health and safety.
I saw some company training a few years ago where the creator included a meme from a US TV show (and massive disclaimer – this is NOT about shaming anyone or their content). I found it funny. I knew the show, I knew the context but then I sat back. Would everyone get this reference? Would the audience of a global and diverse company all get it? And if they didn’t get it, could it actually be offensive or off putting without context? I believe it could, especially in asynchronous eLearning where the user can mull over the imagery or text etc. As we work in an increasing global setting, and I myself work for a large global company, we also have to add in the cultural norms of humour.
Now does this sound like I am going to start a campaign to remove all humour from eLearning? I hope not! My hill is still very much humour is a wonderful pedagogical tool but like all tools we have to remember to use it appropriately, assess the situation, review it and know sometimes we are going to fall flat (but hopefully not flat into Human Resources office).
I want to consider the strengths an weaknesses, the practical steps we can take to reflect on our own use and challenge our own perceptions and use (or avoidance of use) of humour in our eLearning.
And finally, in my previous module (H819) I scored my highest assignment mark on an essay in which I included a cat meme. Yes, a cat meme. They’ve taken over the internet, they may as well takeover academia too!
This blog is going to be one of my main areas for reflection whilst I complete module H818 of the Masters in Online and Distance Education, The Networked Practitioner. And, I come to it with some trepidation.
My reflection will not be perfection, in either thought or presentation. I tend to blog on the spur of a moment and have little patience with editing and proof reading. My thoughts come out raw. This is one reasons I have probably kept them in my head. Sometimes even the safety of the closed forum of my student cohorts seems daunting enough.
One aspect is undoubtedly imposter syndrome of which I am hardly a rarity for suffering. Does my take on a piece or opinion sound foolish or ill-thought out? Will I just expose myself as not really worthy of being their?
This certainly crosses my mind when thinking of using my blog in this way – to discuss my thoughts, ideas and yes, even criticisms, of my industry – eLearning and Instructional Design. I follow many wonderful IDs and professionals on the likes of Twitter and LinkedIn. I sit fascinated in talks by them whether webcasts or at conferences. I read their papers, their blogs…and I have put them on a pedestal, I have made them ‘other’ to me. Better, more talented, more well versed.
But in doing so I have overlooked one very important aspect that just crept into that last paragraph. This is ‘my’ industry. It is one I have worked in for over a decade, which I have studied and which, I hope, have contributed to in any small way. From sharing a template of a design to pointing someone in the direction of information they need, to partnering with peers on projects, I am part of the community.
Given I happily talk nonsense on other subjects, why not this one too?! Why not think aloud to sometimes sink but sometimes fly? And perhaps in doing so meet and network with others, often to hear that classic start ‘It’s funny you should say that…’ or ‘I thought I was the only one’.
As I investigate one of my topics of interest in the coming months (humour in eLearning) and share other thoughts I warmly welcome you to treat this as somewhere you can comment, send a message or just use as a springboard for your own personal reflection.
There will be typos and mistakes to make an English teacher’s toes curl. There will be tangents. There will be questions a plenty but not necessarily the answer.
Catchy title, huh?
Like many other places and events in life this blog had a 2020 hiatus. A quick report is all is well here with me and I hope it is with you too.
During the summer I finished the third module of my Masters degree (in Online and Distance Education) and am now in the driving seat of my fourth, and final module!, ‘The Networked Practitioner”. You’ll often see me referring to #H818, H818 being the code for this Open University module.
‘The Networked Practitioner” makes us focus on how we network as a community of learning professionals, with participants from the worlds of primary to further education, adult education, professional development and corporate training. Do we like networking? Fear it? Avoid it? Don’t know where to start? What are the benefits and pitfalls?
Whilst we delve into this, often deeply personal, part of of our professional practice we are also challenged to complete a project embracing open practice and networking during that time and reflect on the experience.
I’m going to be looking at using humour in eLearning and will be talking a lot more about that on this blog, my twitter and my LinkedIn (which I warmly invite you to come connect with me on!) as well as openness and networking in general over the coming months. Some other tangent topics may creep in too!
Yes, it has been a long time since I blogged!
Obviously, we have one global topic dominating our lives at the moment – the Coronavirus pandemic. Many people will have to self-isolate, quarantine over the coming months and I have seen many excellent suggestions on things to get you through it. I thought I’d add in some things to try and avoid.
A few years ago I had to be isolated for almost 12 months during an illness and treatment. I felt relatively fine in the greater scheme of things – the illness and side effects of the treatment left me tired, spotty, fat, achy but also oddly hyper and pretty much functioning. I’ve also been a remote worker for the last decade. If you find yourself in lock down but are well(ish) some of these tips may help you, I hope. I will try and do another post specifically on remote working later but for now this is when you find yourself holed up and you’re not too sure what to do with yourself.
It seems a dream at first. Feet up and delve into all those boxsets everyone has been talking about. Trust me, the novelty can soon wear off and you quickly get TV/screen fatigue. Before you know it you don’t want to watch another true crime documentary. Which also brings me to….
If you are feeling particularly anxious, now is not the time to catch up on the apocalyptic dramas. Virus, Pandemic, Survivors probably not going to make you feel better (though oddly for some of us with generalised anxiety and a tendency to catastrophise, we can thrive watching them at this point as we finally have a rationale fear and can do stuff. Yes, we are weird, no need to point it out!) Some teary, emotional movie watching will be fine, but remember you are probably going to be very emotional, maybe more so than you first realise so try not to overload yourself.
Lighthearted programmes, comedies and quizzes can help your mind take some time off and stay occupied with something more friendly for the old noggin. In fact, I would prescribe* a minimum of 30 mins comedy per day (*not a doctor but the saying laughter is the best medicine came about for a reason.).
The pen is mightier than the sword but screens seems to be mightier than all! Look out for screen fatigue. It can physically affect you, almost binding you to them and before you know it you feel like you’ve run a marathon and your brain has melted. Yes, the TV and computer is going to bring you entertainment, information and a way to keep in touch with others through social media and games but too much and you just feel bleurgh I found.
Give your ears a work out too, try some radio programs (Radio 4 comedy for the win!), audio books and podcasts. Listen to something whilst doing something else, like tidying that drawer you always said you’d get round to, tidying up, a jigsaw, DIY.
That pile of books you’ve always meant to tackle – make some time for them. And craft and create like no one is looking.
If you are stuck indoors there is one way to cheer yourself up that is easy to fall in to – online shopping and gambling. By week two you are sick of seeing the same walls, so what harm can buying some new cushion covers do? Or those adverts where the online bingo players are all sat round a campfire with marshmallows – that looks social and fun…and not a bloody thing like the reality at all! Getting any stimulus from beyond the four walls is great but be careful not to fall into the trap of trying to buy yourself out of boredom. Hopefully, those able to still be out and about will do things to keep you feel in the loop – send one of their books through the post, a cross stitch kit (a friend sent me a chocolate bar and a puzzle book and I cried with thanks!) but…
Clearly the current situation is one of the widest reaching in living memory and everyone is rightly worried for themselves and their loved ones but you are going to see sides of people you haven’t before. People you thought you could rely on will disappear (especially people who found you really useful when you were out and about, not so much now!), and people you thought were mere acquaintances will be like guardian angels. It can feel really demoralising at time but in the current climate we need to try and retain our empathy and understanding as much as possible.
Similarly to above, the empathy has to go both ways. If playing Words With Friends is keeping you sane but your opponent isn’t playing back in real time, appreciate they may be occupied with something else. At the moment my work & study life remains totally the same (too much to do, too little time!) and I am really busy so, my check-ins with friends may be a meme or a few lines rather than a tome of an email but I remember those daft check-ins when I was in longtime lock down kept my spirits up.
Look for some ways you can continue to be social with friends and family online, it maybe starting a book or recipe (insert any interest) facebook group just amongst your friends and family which people can drop in and out of when time allows them. If there is a time you know you will all be doing something say watching a particular TV show – have a watch party.
Sleep and sleep patterns can go haywire. If you’re thinking ‘ah I don’t need to get up tomorrow for x,y,z’ so you watch a few more episodes of the latest boxset before you know it your new bedtime is 4am and you go totally out of sync (and being awake during the day and getting as much light as you can is your friend!). On the flip side, ‘I can sleep in/Catch up on all that sleep I’ve missed’ is great at first but can easily fall into sleeping just to stave off boredom and your energy will plummet. Try to keep to some sort of schedule but…(see how many buts this situation has!)
Control freaks, who’s writing up to-do lists and making timetables like they are back at school? I WILL do yoga at 10am, read from 11am, sort out my wardrobe at 12pm’. It gives you a lovely sense of control to start with, at a time where control feels totally lost, but can soon feel like you are being you own prison warden. Be kind to yourself.
Hey, I slob out at home, few excuses are needed. Slobbing out feels lovely at first but after a few days it can make you feel miserable to the point you almost convince you must now be ill, feeling lethargic and scuzzy. Now, you don’t need to go the full nines each day, I’m mean ladies it is a joyous bras are optional time. Dig out all the elasticated waists for sure, mix and don’t match, comfort not tailoring but don’t fall into the Bridget Jones dumped look (or whatever the male equivalent is) for too long.
Basically, if you are going to wear a onsie, make it your good one 😊
You need to stay aware and informed but you don’t need to watch the newsfeeds around the clock. In my case I had to stop researching my illness (which was super rare so I found myself in a well of full blown medical level research). Choose your information point, check in a couple of times a day. Even if you feel you are a strong-willed, level-headed person you may still find yourself becoming increasingly anxious about things you cannot control . As a wise person once said, look for the people running towards, there will be good news and heart warming stories too and that positivity will be vitally important to your mental well-being.
Snacking’s great isn’t it? And when you are holed up and bored, what better way to spend some time snacking 😊 Guess what, it’s another thing that can lead to you feeling sluggish (and let’s not start on the bowel affects because then we might have to discuss toilet paper!) Try to keep your eating in check and as for advice from me on that subject – have you seen a picture of me!! Not my strong suit but food and cooking can be something to stave the boredom and baking was a good time killer (with a lovely outcome).
There’s no medals for a stiff upper lip. If you are feeling down, anxious or scared please do reach out to someone, your being open may often help others, as we all realise we are not alone. These are not irrational thoughts, you won’t be judged (or if you are I can guarantee those people are dicks). I found amazing support in my immediate circle and also in strangers on the internet going through a similar thing.
Hoping everyone stays safe! Does anyone else have any top tips of some pitfalls to be aware of?
My current block in the H817 Openness and Innovation in E-Learning is on learning analytics and word up, after my operation I am super behind on my readings and studies but, I did want to share a few thoughts here.
Firstly, just the term learning analytics makes me shuffle in my chair uncomfortable. I think this is a fear that I can going to be drowned in data. That data savvy and intense number people are going to bury me in terminology and programs that make my headache, and make me feel like a bit of an idiot. I think this comes from something many of us may have experienced in the past, the lost in translation discussions that happen between different groups in companies or institutions. Ask a learning designer to describe a fruit bowl and then get a data analysis to describe the same thing, you will get two very different viewpoints. So analytics probably scare me a bit – not the information itself but the extraction and delivery of that information.
Learning analytics is already in action but it is still in it’s infancy, we are seeing the tip of a possibly very large iceberg. LA will inform educators, learning, and administrators. Yet are we using them effectively? How many times do we still hear of the analytics being presented not going beyond bums on seats? Or here’s a pass rate for an assessment and here endeth the story?
We have the ability to collect simple data so often, even before the scary analysis experts step in, yet we don’t. Why is that? Because we don’t have the time, the confidence, we know the stakeholders don’t or won’t want to hear it, all of the above? How many of us will hold our hands up and be honest, sometimes we don’t follow the learning analytics because we have a gut feeling, a gut feeling we have grown to trust and has often served us well. Let’s be honest again, how many times do some of us say “hey the learning analytics are only going to tell us what we (I) already know, we’ll get them but just as ‘proof'”
Ahern (2019) discusses the use of data in in her blog post Compassionate Pedagogy in Practice and notes the need for motivation amongst educators to implement learning design changes based on learner data.
“…data can be collated for different purposes; automated actions (e.g. email triggers) or as data for humans (e.g. tutors or students themselves) to interpret…However, this does not mean that actionable insights will necessarily be drawn or that action will take place. Motivation is required at institutional and practitioner level to make meaningful use of the data, returning us back to our notion of compassionate pedagogy and a motivation to criticize institutional and classroom practices for the benefit of students.” Ahern (2019)
Ed Foster’s blog Living Learning Analytics Blog is a great blog to review on all things Learning Analytical and Higher Education. As he says in his About Me section ” I am not a data scientist or statistician, but a humanities graduate who has worked in an education setting. My role is not about fixing algorithms, but asking questions about how people can best use the technology to support student success.” I feel this is very reflective of many who work in education, training, learning and development whether in educational institutions, corporate or public sector training.
Ahern, S. (2019). Compassionate Pedagogy in Practice. [Blog] Digital Education Team Blog – UCL. Available at: https://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/digital-education/category/learning-analytics/ [Accessed 30 Jul. 2019].
Foster, E. (2019). [Blog] Living Learning Analytics Blog. Available at: https://livinglearninganalytics.blog/ [Accessed 30 Jul. 2019].
Some of you may have seen in the news recently that publisher Pearson is going to phase out print books and go digital first.
This came as little shock to me, and I’m sure many others interested in EdTech, but do not, I repeat, DO NOT, venture into any social media threads on this news article as you will not come out alive. For many people this is a step too far and at some point in the discussions it will turn to ‘bring back the cane’ I assure you!
I wanted to create a fun and short video introduction to myself. I like the ‘cartoony’ animation style of Vyond and hoped to reflect my own personality into what can other wise me a boring ‘this is what I do’ list.
Vyond is an online animation video creation and editing tool, full of templates, characters, and scenarios. It is very instinctive to use, and with the editing features you can deviate from the templates to give projects your own look and feel. I think animation are particularly engaging in creating learning content for scenarios or interactions, often more comfortable to watch and digest than real-life video, especially for certain scenarios. The cartoon feel lets you push things a little more that my come across stilted in a real life set, and make difficult or embarrassing subjects a little more approachable in my opinion.
I like how narration can be added and synced to the characters, which themselves can be edited, hence we see a more accurate representation of me and my love of cake and black clothing, than a run of the mill stock character! Though for clarification if you do meet me in the flesh my hair is now currently a very sensible brown!
The downside of the narration is, even with a good internet connection, I found uploading and editing it lags and can be frustratingly slow and unstable, often needing me to log out and back in again. I used the text-to-speech generator for the narration as I could add my own voice that day as my headset was killed in an office cat related incident (which will make perfect sense when you watch the video and see how I work!). Even this generated content would cause the system to grind to a halt. This would be my biggest bugbear with Vyond. However, if I had plenty of time to work around this, I would happily use Vyond for future projects as I do think there is value to the finished project.
After creating the video I uploaded it to You Tube for two main reasons, for ease of sharing, and to use You Tube’s closed captioning functionality which isn’t currently available in Vyond and would be my second bugbear.
So here is the finished piece, a light-hearted introduction to me – hello and for now, bye!