Blogging as a Learning Tool

A quiet time on my blog lately, but good news that I my second assignment went very well – huzzah!

One subject on that assignment was how my understanding of blogging as a learning tool. So, here’s some of my thoughts on that subject.

Glogoff (2005) refers to instructional blogging as…

“a knowledge-centered instructional tool. In this model the instructor involves students in research activities, engages them in discussions with practitioners, and leads them through developmental concepts of the discipline’s knowledge domain”

The blog is used as an outlet for the learner’s research findings, considerations and questioning, with the medium of the public blog extending the learner’s virtual classroom setting, offering interaction which can aide develop a learning community.

This may seem no different to an online forum, but the blog has several advantages over the forum model.

Blogs:

  • Offer learner centred feedback
  • Introduce the learner to a wider learning community both within their facility but wider, offering networking opportunities when the blog is public.
  • Offer a sense of ownership to the learner, it is ‘theirs’. Learners make an investment in their blog
  • Blogs are chronological and can capture the evolution of the learner’s research, stance and thought
  • Offer a technology and format that make embedding and sharing of information easy (hyperlinks, video etc)
  • Can offer greater accessibility opportunities to those with disabilities with text, video and audio being common functions.

Of these factors, learner centred feedback is an important feature. An active blog, with input from several areas can both further discussion, lead to debate and act as a growing repository of common knowledge. I have represented this in my diagram (Fig 1) which shows the many directions in which information and participation may flow. A learner may populate a blog with unrestricted (self-driven) or restricted (instructed by a tutor/course) posts (Deed and Edwards, 2011) which will elicit feedback from tutors, fellow students and/or the wider community which may in turn influence the direction of the discussion, provide alternative information sources or views. Not only is the interaction between the visitors and the blog author noteworthy, but the interactions between the commentators themselves. This ecosystem of information will in turn be reflected in the blogs of other students, so the diagram could be built out further to show the network effect.

Figure 1 The Input and Feedback Cycle of a Student Blog

Bennett et Al’s (2012) did both quantitative and qualitative research into the experience of journalism students using blogging as a publishing exercise. This study saw 42 students surveyed and 31 taking part in focus groups:

  • 79% had little or no previous blogging experience
  • 76% felt it improved their understanding
  • 92% felt it improved their technology skills for use in study
  • 79% felt it improved their thinking and writing skills
  • 92% felt it increased their research skills
  • 91% felt it was an activity that helped their studies

This shows a favourable learner experience of using blogging as a learning tool. However, as noted in Bennett et Al’s paper, given the subject matter, and prevalence of digital journalism, these results must be considered in terms of the alignment of the tool (blogging) and subject (Journalism) as a demonstration of situated/participation learning. As they noted:

“introducing students to blogging as a contemporary journalistic practice is arguably the most well-aligned and the most ‘authentic’ because developing Web 2.0 skills and knowledge is inherent in the activity…positive feedback suggests that students saw relevance in the skills and knowledge they developed.”

Practitioner’s must consider if blogging as a tool is inline with their learning objectives and, how the blogging is embedded into their wider studies and scaffolded.

Negative or ambivalent experience of using blogs often comes from the lack of structure and support for the learner. This highlights how practitioners must recognise the importance of participation on both theirs and the learners part.

Glogoff (2005) shares the results of a survey he completed with his students on their previous use of blogging:

“in a different course taken the previous semester, the professor had asked them to blog but did not require them to post entries. Nor did he comment on student entries. Because of this lack of attention, the students abandoned their blogs after the first week.”

Obtaining feedback and recognition, is a driving force for learners. Studies by Pena-Shaff et al (2005) and Kim (2008) showed that 94% of students check for feedback on their blog posts. This demonstrates that students are driven towards and hope for engagement.

When implementing blogging as a learning tool the practitioner must consider where on the scale the blog will be from unrestricted (students given minimal instruction, free reign to post and no tutor oversight) to restricted (students will be instructed on what to post, given mandatory posting and commenting goals).

Deed and Edwards (2011) reported that unrestricted blogging saw lack of cohesive structure between posts, a tendency to not thoroughly evaluate ideas, repeat or perpetuate misconceptions, use very informal language, and use posting more for arrangement making and emotive statements.

An interesting take from their paper:

“it is not enough to assume that because students currently are part of what is often referred to as the digital generation they will immediately be able to engage in blogs for academic ends.”

This lies at the crux of using blogging as a learning tool. To ensure a positive learning experience for both tutor and learners I agree with Brescia et Als (2004) summation that whilst the informal blog encourages exploration, practitioners must encourage students to actively question and discuss information.

I second Deed and Edwards (2011) conclusion:

“Educators need to provide support and scaffolding… Students must be allowed to explore different strategies and construct their own meaning. They must have scope for making choices. Further research needs to focus on online learning environments where there is a balance between providing scaffolding for co-construction of knowledge and providing students with a space to interact by building on their non-academic virtual experience.”

References:

Bennett, S., Bishop, A., Dalgarno, B., Waycott, J. and Kennedy, G. (2012). Implementing Web 2.0 technologies in higher education: A collective case study. Computers & Education, 59(2), pp.524-534.

Deed, C. and Edwards, A. (2011). Unrestricted student blogging: Implications for active learning in a virtual text-based environment. Active Learning in Higher Education, 12(1), pp.11-21.

Glogoff, S. (2005). Instructional Blogging: Promoting Interactivity, Student-Centered Learning, and Peer Input. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 1(5), Retrieved May 27, 2018 from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/107281/.

Kim, H. (2008). The phenomenon of blogs and theoretical model of blog use in educational contexts. Computers and Education, 51(3), 1342–1352.

Pena-Shaff, J., Altman, W., Stephenson, H. (2005). Asynchronous online discussions as a tool for learning: Students’ attitudes, expectations, and perceptions. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 16(4), 409.

Monday Meme June 18th – Kittens in E-Learning

 As anyone who knows me even the slightest will tell you – I am a firm believer in kittens being a vital part of e-learning! I will also deviate to puppies at times.

 

Monday Meme June 4th – To All Those With Exams and Assignments

No Monday Meme last week, or posts, as last week was all about finishing my latest Masters assignment. As we enter June it is the hotbed of exams, assignments and proposals. So today’s meme goes out to all my ladies out there who are currently facing the books (guys I wish you all the best too but…..it’s Ryan time!)

 

Monday Meme – Learning Styles (Royal Wedding Edition)

What an amazing weekend we have just had here in the UK with the Royal Wedding, which brought tears and laughter in my house.

So for Monday meme this week I decided I had to create my own gif! Given some great discussions recently on learning styles I couldn’t resist putting this together! Have a great week everyone!!

via GIPHY

#ID6WC – Amp Quiz: How-To

Very glad people liked the Amp Quiz example for #ID6WC and thank you so much Girly Geek for asking about how I created it. Le me walk you though and also here’s the story file so you can play with it too 🙂

This is a simple Storyline 360 one slide piece that uses dials, states and layers.

First, under slide master I created the background and tried to emulate an Amp. Using the content library I found the speaker front look and for the top panel used shapes.

Back in creation and again from the content library I found a switch and a voltage dial to add to the upper panel. A small grey circle shape next to the switch, and the dial itself (Insert >Dial) which can be formatted. Then to using a free online logo creator I created Fenshall (Fender/Marshall – geddit!) which I changed to grey tones in paint.net

There is a great Dial tutorial on Articulate here 

I chose a start value of 0 and end value of 5 with each step value 1. The dial auto lays out the points (joy!) so just put in the numbers using text.

I found 5 pieces of royalty free classical music from http://www.freemusicpublicdomain.com/

When the dial turns it is a variable and in this slide each variable would relate to showing a layer. So I created 5 layers, inserting one piece of music per layer. Then it is simply a case of setting your triggers on the base layer

Show layer (insert layer name) > When the dial turns  > If the dial equals (position). (For Dial = 0, I made it show slide so it always returns to the base layer). And remember to hider other layers!

Now time to play with states – lots!

Remember the grey circle – I created a new state for it (called new state because I am that inventive!) where it was coloured green with a big edge glow. Then add a trigger so if the power switch is click it shows the new state – powerlight is on!

For the voltage dial, I took it to paint.net and move the needle, added this ontop of the volt picture already there. Set the normal state to the one with the dial on zero and the one with the needle ‘up’ to new state. Set a trigger that shows new state if the dial is not equal to 0 – in others words when you turn the dial, it looks like the needle has moved!

Likewise for the instruction caption and text – set a new state where it is not shown and a trigger to show that state if the dial is not equal to 0.

Back on the layers, I placed 3 buttons across the amp and more states fun. Under states change the colour of the button to green or red depending on whether it is the correct or incorrect answer when the button is ‘down’ and ‘visited’. This really simple state change gives an immediate visual feedback on whether you’ve clicked the correct button or not. Of course you could add more triggers and show feedback etc but i didn’t want that – I wanted this is be a really quick, obvious do you know the name or not.

I think dials are a great change and especially if you are looking to create a simulation or setting where dials would naturally appear like an amp or cooker. One word of warning though – if users are going to access through a mobile phone/small touch screen it does work but can be fiddly for them so may not be the best choice in that scenario.

 

 

#ID6WC – AMP QUIZ

For the Instructional Design 6 Week Challenge this week I went back into Articulate Storyline 360.

I realised I had never used a dial so that got me to thinking on dials and where you find them usually. So this week I created an amp effect slide master to create a quiz audio quiz.

Using the dial you can hear 5 different classical pieces, and you can see if you recognise the composer with a very simple set of buttons using states to show correct/incorrect. You could build this out further to give feedback and more information but I just wanted this to be very simple, immediate and visual.

Just for a little extra effect, click the on switch to turn the light green and the voltage needle will go up when you turn to a tune 🙂

Click here to view

Monday Meme – Assignments Looming

And so the second assignment of my first module in the Masters in Online and Distance Education looms like a massive ball of fiery terror on the horizon.

I know many of my module-mates are going through the same thing – trying to fit in study whenever and what happens…

We could also include in the orange segment:

  • play Mahjong on your phone
  • rearrange your wardrobe
  • watch 6 episodes of Judge Judy in a row

So happy Monday everyone, but an extra special Monday internet hug to all those juggling work and study at the same time! We will look back and laugh one day I promise!

 

Monday Meme – May 7th 2018

How is it Monday again? And, how the double heck is it May?!

This is such a great carton from Arun Pradhan  

E-Learning is wonderful, especially for companies with employees scattered around a country or even the world, but you can’t just dish it out and hope for the best. Measuring course completion or who pressed play doesn’t inform you on the learning outcomes and worse still, it is a disservice to the user. Learning requires participation, feedback, evaluation and refinement.

 

 

ID6WC Week 1 – Articulate Storyline 360 Mini Course

Time to bite the bullet and join in #ID6WC (That’s the Instructional Design 6 Week Challenge with Cara North). I am hugely nervous, feel extremely amateur amongst some great IDs on Twitter. But, they are very encouraging and generous with their time and mentorship so here I am!

So Week 1 and I am revisiting an old friend I haven’t played with for a long time – Articulate Storyline. I have downloaded a free trial of Articulate Storyline 360 for these challenge (would anyone like to buy me a licence – I would love to have one of my own so I could play to my heart’s content!)

This week I just wanted to get some confidence back and see what I could produce in an evening, without using any templates etc.

As I have been diagnosed as Vitamin D deficient I decided to use that as a starting block (not that I would be producing actual content). I created master slide views with a sunny disposition! I wanted to design a small course where the user isn’t tied to a set route, one around which people may jump around as they please to get information as they wish. It’s a simple design using layers, basic branching. The intro music is from www.bensound.com – great resource for royalty free music.

What I suspect will drive people mad – well if you have a graphic design background you may not be so keen especially as I am guilty of placing items by eye – though this design I wanted to have a bit of curve to it which is harder to place items (what’s the secret guys?!)

You can access the item below. I am finding sometimes finding the audio doesn’t always play, may be related to browser choice or just a bug but just to let you know – there is audio on slide one.

Click to launch

Monday Meme April 23rd 2018

Create e-learning? Ring a bell?!!

memeing-the-future-of-learning-5-638